It really pays to learn all you can about the business of writing and the inner workings of the publishing industry. Having a well-rounded knowledge base makes the process of getting published easier. Here are a few terms to start:
Advance: a payment made to a writer before the publication of a manuscript.
Agent: A professional representative hired by an author to obtain and negotiate contracts with publishers.
Editor: A staff member at a publishing company responsible for reviewing manuscripts and/or preparing them for publication.
Imprint: A specific line or lines of books offered by a given publisher. Eg. Cloak and Dagger Books is an imprint of Chesterton Publishing Group.
ms.: A standard abbreviation for the word manuscript. In the plural, it’s mss.
Publisher: A publishing company or the head of a publishing company responsible for putting your book in print.
Query: A written request from an author created to interest an editor in reviewing a book proposal or manuscript. A query to a magazine is sent to interest the editor in reading or commissioning an article.
Reprint: Any edition of a particular book that’s published after the first edition.
Royalty: A residual payment made to authors after books are sold based on a percentage of their selling price.
SAE.: Abbreviation for “self-addressed, stamped envelope,” sometimes preceded by its required dimensions.
SASE.: Abbreviation for “self-addressed, stamped envelope” sometimes proceeded by its required dimensions or standard envelop number, eg. #10
Submission: An idea, outline, or manuscript sent by a writer to a publisher for consideration.
Trade paperback: a paperback book created for the layman rather than the professional or specialist.